lundi 8 septembre 2008

Trauma history and PTSD symptomatology

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children and adolescents has been the main issue of several studies. These studies are usually based on populations at risk, such as child and adolescent victims of natural disaster (fire, earthquake, volcanic eruption) and human violence and conflicts (torture, inter parental violence, rape and sexual abuse, war, concentration camps, ethnic cleanings and genocide). With regard to empirical evidences, the prevalence rate of PTSD symptoms in that age group is considerable, in contrast with the naive belief that children may be too young to be affected by traumatic events. Compared to natural disasters, research has shown that the impact of war and genocide on children and adolescents is more severe, due to the intensity and consequences of such events. Besides the horror of a war situation, children and adolescents exposed to it have to adapt to dramatic changes in their every-day life (displaced, refugees, orphans). Thus, special attention to such events should be given in order to protect young people from long-lasting effects. With an emphasis on symptomatic description, diagnosis, epidemiological prevalence and etiological factors, this article reviews the existing literature related to PTSD among children and adolescents groups. Substantially, the role of human violence and conflicts in the onset and development of severe and long-lasting PTSD disturbances among children and adolescents is outlined in this article.

3 commentaires:

Dr. Sezibera a dit…

An important body of research have prover the collection between Trauma Exposure History and the development of the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). However, new orientations are being made and demonstrate at one side how the PTSD is associated with comorbid disorders, at the other side a post-trauma growth. Also, there is an increasing tendency to assess cultural practices and rituals allowing some persons to be resilient instead of the poor outcome. This said, in Rwanda there is a need of identifying local resources helping survivors dealing with the PTSD symptoms.

Dr. Sezibera a dit…

A Lecture at TCSPP, Washington DC, April 7, 2011 :

"I am particularly interested in how social and economic programs and networks impact resiliency post-trauma," said Dr. Sezibera. "Thankfully, Rwandans start with a culture and social cognitions that are based in hope and optimism. Yet it is the social and economic support that not only helps the survivors of genocide to sustain hope, but to actually develop internal resiliency. And that has implications for trauma survivors across the world."

Dr. Sezibera is visiting the United States as a Fulbright Scholar in Residence through a joint proposal of The Chicago School of Professional Psychology in Chicago and Harold Washington College (HWC), one of the City Colleges of Chicago. In addition to lecturing at both institutions, Dr. Sezibera will work with Dr. Nancy Dubrow, director of the Center for International Studies and associate professor at The Chicago School, and Dr. Sammie Dortch, chair of the applied science department at HWC, and their colleagues to develop on and off campus colloquia and to produce a scholarly publication on "The Effect of Violence on Children and Youth from Chicago to Rwanda."

Kevin a dit…

Dear Dr.Vincent,

I am J.Pierre Kevin,a Bac III student in the department of clinical psychology at the National University of Rwanda,just in the great lakes region.
I have been highly interested in your blog that holds some explanations about Trauma events and how it results in PTSD.
I love the way you focused on children and adolescents,it is the best way for improving the well being and hope to the present and future great lakes region population that passed long time ago through different traumatic events,especially Rwanda my country.
Once again,thank you and go ahead!!!

Jean Pierre K.Ndagijimana
NUR Student